What are the four types of writing styles?

Writing Styles

Four types of writing styles explained

This post will explain all you need to know about the four giant pillars of writing – writing’s strong towers. Hopefully, this article will leave you fully informed to know the different types of styles. 

Type of writing style

  1. The expository writing style
  2. The descriptive writing style
  3. The narrative writing style
  4. The persuasive writing style.


The expository writing style is subject-oriented and is more focused on explaining things without giving an opinion.

This is the style most authors use for explaining a subject on a given topic without voicing their personal opinions.

The expository writing style belongs to the nonfiction writing category. This means this style is not based on fantasy or role-playing.

It’s a text written for the purpose of informing others.

Most of the writing we do as adults fall under the expository writing style. It is the most popular style an author uses to explain a concept.

Also, a writing style authors can use for imparting information from themselves to a wider audience.

This writing style does not focus on the author’s opinion but it’s centred only on facts that are related to the topic at hand.


  • Taking notes
  • Jotting phone messages
  • Recipes
  • Textbook
  • “How to” articles
  • News stories (apart from editorials)
  • Business, technical and scientific writing.
  • Subject writing (mostly used by students because it requires the use of prior knowledge, information gleaned from classroom study and independent research).

    Having the ability to research, analyze, structure and present information in writing is a life skill useful for your success whether you’re in secondary schools, university and at workplaces.


The descriptive writing style is centred on communicating the details of a character, event or place. It is also used for describing events and processes including the causes and effects.

All academic writing include the descriptive writing style for writing essays, reports, dissertations, critiques and literature reviews.

Also, in giving accounts of research findings, a problem, an issue, incident and a case study or profile.

From the beginning, the descriptive form of writing style must include a definition of terms.

Clarity is paramount when you are using this style.

The descriptive form of writing is found both in fiction and nonfiction writing.

As a writer, when you write using a descriptive writing style, know that you are painting a picture in words of a person, a place or things for your audience.

When using this style, a writer must describe his impressions via his five senses.

  1. What you hear
  2. What you see
  3. What you smell
  4. What you taste
  5. What you touch


  • Memoirs
  • First-hand accounts of events
  • Travel guides
  • Poetry
  • Journal / Diary writing
  • Descriptions of the non-fictional novel / a play.

To conclude, the descriptive style of writing must address these questions:

  • What is it?
  • Why do we need it?
  • How do I do it?
  • Further Reading / Resources?


The narrative writing style is the type of writing used for longer text to write both fiction and nonfiction.

It’s intended purpose is to impart information. Also, to construct and communicate a story with characters, conflict and settings.

The narrative style contains a sequence of events and a plot. This writing style allows you to express yourself in a creative and moving way.

Narrative Style of writing – Things to remember

  • Clarify your point of view, prove it and support it.
  • Leave out unnecessary detail that is not relevant to your essay or the topic you are writing about.
  • Write clearly and describe events chronologically. 


  • Oral histories 
  • Novels like Harry Porter
  • Plays like Romeo and Juliet
  • Short stories
  • Anecdotal
  • Experiential
  • Personal


The Persuasive Writing style is the style mostly used for writing academic papers.

Also, in trying to convince the audience of a position or belief.

This form of writing style contains the writer’s opinions and biases including the justifications and the reasons the writer gives about the correctness of their position.


  • Any argumentative essay that students write in school.
  • Cover Letters
  • Editorial newspaper articles
  • Reviews of items
  • Letters of complaint
  • Advertisements
  • Letters of recommendation

Further Reading
4 Types of Writing

If you have any questions in relation to my post, No More Mistakes With 4 Types Of Writing Stylesplease leave them below. I will respond as soon as possible.

8 Comments to “What are the four types of writing styles?”

  1. Henderson says:

    This is a really nice post when I started writing as a freelancer, I preferred taking jobs on descriptive or narratives.

    This reason is that I love giving illustrations on people or events. You have written all this correctly and argumentative writing usually has a thesis statement that it builds upon. 

    Fab post in general

    1. Femia says:

      Hi, Henderson, thanks so much for taking the time to read my post and leave some encouraging comments.

      There is nothing more rewarding than hearing from someone who has been writing for a while.

      You have a wealth of experience other writers can benefit from.

  2. Harry says:

    Thanks a lot for letting us know about those 4 different writing styles.

    I have been running a blog for a while now and I have been mostly using the narrative writing style and I was thinking about using an additional style in conjuction with it.

    Could narrative writing be combined successfully with persuasive writing?

    1. Femia says:

      Hi, Harry, thanks so much for your time and for leaving encouraging feedback.
      Its good to hear you have been using the narrative style for your blog.

      I find marketing articles the best place to use both persuasive and narrative styles together. 

      The narrative writing style helps to impart information about a product or a service you are offering.

      I have seen many affiliate marketers using stories to communicate their journey to success. It breaks the monotony of using one style and makes an interesting read.

      Best wishes

  3. RoDarrick says:

    Ow! What a judicious juxtaposition you’ve done between all the major pillars in which writing is built on. 

    Being a former freelance writer, I’m very acquainted with the knowledge of these distinctive features that make each of them exceptional. 

    However, the writing style you talked about are very different and the persuasive writing technique is a very powerful one and that’s the one we make use of in marketing and sales. 

    Very interesting post. Thumbs up


    1. Femia says:

      Hi, Rodger, thanks so much for taking the time to read my post and leave some invaluable feedback.

      It’s very encouraging to learn about your own experiences the time you were a freelance writer and how you have applied the persuasive style, which is one of the 4 types of writing styles.

      I’m glad you found this informative.

  4. akborm says:

    First of all, it’s really an awesome blog to me. 

    From this blog, I know how one of the writing styles is used.The persuasive writing style is one that’s interesting concept which is really helpful. 

    Anyone can use it for marketing and get rewards. For example, by selling old electronics. It’s really a dream to me. 

    Companies like Apple, Walmart, Amazon, Dell, HP, and dozens play a big role using the persuasive writing style method. 

    Moore’s Law said that the processing power of computers doubles every two years which is such a treat for us. 

    So I think this persuasive concept very useful & it will take place in people’s hearts.

    1. Femia says:

      Hello, many thanks for taking the time to read my posts and leave wonderful comments.

      I agree that the persuasive writing style is used for marketing and is very interesting concept.

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