This post is a follow-up to my earlier blog entitled Writing History. We are going to carry on with the writing history to explore the invention of the first computer.
The first fountain pen was invented in 1827. Pens fall into two categories known as the Modern Pens and Historic Pens.
Ballpoint Pen replaced the fountain pen and has become the most commonly used for everyday writing. These are grouped according to their kind of writing tips.
(1) Rollerball Pen uses gel ink.
(2) A Fountain Pen uses water-based liquid ink with a nib.
(3) Felt-tip Pen or a marker has a porous tip of fibrous material. Markers are also known as highlighters.
Historic Pens are no longer commonly used. They are occasionally used by calligraphers and other artists. Below are a few of the historic ones.
(a) Dip Pen, which has no ink reservoir, so must be repeatedly recharged with ink while being used.
(b) Quill Pen, which is made from a flight feather of a large bird. These were largely used in medieval times to write on parchment or paper.
(c) Reed Pen is made from a single piece of reed that is pointed into a square and split at the point. For more information click here.
(d) Many people like to use expensive types and brands of pens and fountain pens as a status symbol.
The Evolution – Computer History
The history of writing has evolved over the years from one stage to another form of technology. For this post, I will hand pick just a few examples of the route taken to travel from the pen invention, the phonograph, the typewriter to the highway of computers.
In a study, ‘Machines for Writing and Reading’ Lisa Gateman mentioned that a phonograph is one of the machines that was invented in 1887. It’s a textual device for taking dictation, that became known in its later forms as a gramophone.
The invention of the typewriter and the personal computer with the keyboard input method offered another way to write. It’s reported that early European typewriters began appearing in the early 19th century.
Freed and Ishida (1995) describe the computer invention as a huge milestone in technology which made it possible to include massive amounts of information on a tiny “chip.”
Since then, the history of computers has presented a vast variety of computer technology, covering the most basic calculator to complex mega-machines that see today.
A Massachusetts College Research Paper (2003) throws some light into how computers began. Claude Shannon, a young engineer and mathematician, published a seminar paper in 1948 entitled “A Mathematical Theory of Communication” where he introduced his theory which later shaped the communication technologies that we use today.
As a follow-up to Shannon’s theory, a paper presented at an International Symposium in 1998 entitled, ‘Wearable Computers’ reported that the first wearable computer, a cigarette pack sized analogue device, was jointly invented by the Shannons and Thorps in Las Vegas in 1961.
Since then, a lot of developments have taken place in the History of Writing and the communications sector. I get so excited when trying to figure out what’s coming next.
If you have any question related to my blog post, the Invention of the First Computer, please feel free to leave it below. I will be more than happy to respond.