This post is a follow-up to brief history of writing, to explore the history of the computer, its evolution and the pen period.
Evolution of pen
Why we need to include the pen history? The pen period is worthy mentioning because it occurred prior to the invention of the first computer in the world.
The first fountain pen was invented in 1827. Pens fall into two categories.
- Modern Pens
- Historic Pens.
Ball Pen history
The ballpoint pen replaced the fountain pen. It has become the most commonly used pen for everyday writing.
The following pens are grouped according to the kind of their writing tips.
- Rollerball pen uses gel ink.
- Fountain pen uses water-based liquid ink with a nib.
- Felt-tip pen or a marker has a porous tip of fibrous material. Markers are also known as highlighters.
Historic pene are no longer commonly used but are occasionally used by calligraphers and other artists.
Below are a few of the historic ones.
- Dip Pen
A dip pen has no ink reservoir, so it must be repeatedly recharged with ink while being used.
- Quill Pen
A quill pen is made from a flight feather of a large bird. Quill pens were largely used in medieval times fro writing on parchment or paper.
- Reed Pen
A reed pen is made from a single piece of reed pointed into a square and splits at the point. For more information click here.
Many people like to use expensive brands of pens and fountain pens as a status symbol.
The first computer in the world
The history of writing has evolved over the years, leaping from one form of technology to another.
I have picked a few examples of pens to showcase their evolution which finally led to the highway of computers.
- The invention of the pen
- Phonograph invention
- Typewriter invention
Evolution of the phonograph
In a study, Lisa Gateman reveals that ‘Machines for Writing and Reading,’ were invented in 1887. A phonograph is one of the machines. Its is a textual device for taking dictation and it became known in its later forms as a gramophone.
Why was the typewriter invented?
The invention of the typewriter, the personal computer with the keyboard input method, offered another way to write. History records that early European typewriters began appearing in the early 19th century.
First computer in the world
Freed and Ishida (1995) describe the computer invention as a huge milestone in technology which made it possible to include massive amounts of information on a tiny “chip.”
Ever since the history of computers has presented a huge variety of computer technology which included the most basic calculator to complex mega-machines that we see today.
A Massachusetts College Research Paper (2003) touches on how computers began. Claude Shannon (1948), a young engineer and mathematician, published a seminar paper, A Mathematical Theory of Communication and introduced his theory that has paved way for the communication technologies we use today.
Early wearable computers
A paper, Wearable Computers, was presented at an International Symposium (1998), as a follow-up to Shannon’s theory.
The first wearable computer, a cigarette pack sized analogue device, was jointly invented by the Shannons and Thorps in Las Vegas (1961).
The history of writing has seen many developments in the communications sector. When trying to figure out what’s coming next, I get so excited.
If you have any question in relation to my blog post, Computer History – The History of Writing, please feel free to leave below. I will be more than happy to respond as soon as I can.